Lowland flora
Central Greece
         Now, in addition to this popular

Greek Mountain Flora
available in book form
Northern Greece Volume 1
Northern Greece Volume 2



 Greek Mountain Flora

                                                 Northern Greece

   The mountains of Northern Greece covered by this site until now are, in alphabetical order:

   Mt Athamanon   
Mt Athamanon, also known as Mt Tzoumerka, is the natural boundary between the Epiros and
   Thessaly regions. It is one of the longest and most remote parts of the southern Pindos range.
   The main substrate is limestone with sporadic appearance of flysch. Its a continuous ridge
   situated in a NW-SE direction, highest summit being Mt Katafidi at 2393m.
   In the past the Ori Athamanon were densely forested, in recent years, however, they have
   suffered from irrational deforestation due to excessive wood-cutting and grazing.
   For this reason extensive bare places occur, but despite this we can still find some well
   forested slopes with coniferous forests, where Taxus baccata exists in small stands or as
   isolated trees, and broad leaved deciduous forests.

   Mt Athamanon Photo Album                      View in Google maps


  Mt Falakro(2232m)
   Mt Falakro is situated near the city of Drama, north eastern Greece. It consists mainly of
   crystalline-schist bedrock with some granites. The bedrock is build up from limestones of the
   marble series. On the rocky limestone areas the forest cover is sparse and soil occurs only in
   crevices. There are some rich forests of coniferous and broad leaved species on the lower
   We only paid a brief visit to this mountain once, August 2004, and only found
   Gentiana cruciata in flower on that occasion. Of course we hope to visit this mountain again,
   because it has a large concentration of rare plants.

   Mt Falakro Photo Album   Updated 12-01-2009    View in Google maps


  Mt Grammos(2520m)

   Mt Grammos Photo Album                        View in Google maps

   Mt Kajmaktcalan
   Mt Kajmaktcalan is part of the Voras range, and is situated close to the Greek-Macedonian
   border. Profitis Ilias summit(2524m) with its chapel is even located right on the border.
   Its not a spectacular mountain, but has some unusual features like the schistose upper regions,
   The soils here are acidic and wet, with many streams and bogs. Here you can find a quite rich,
   typical North Balkan flora.
   There are 2 endemics to be found on Kajmaktcalan, the beautiful Dianthus myrtinervius ssp.
   caespitosus and Ranunculus cacuminis. Unfortunately we did not find the latter on our visits
   to Kajmaktcalan.
   The lower slopes are covered with Chestnut, Beech and on the higher parts, the for Greece
   unusual, Pinus sylvestris forests.

   Mt Kajmaktcalan Photo Album   Updated 12-01-2009 View in Google                                                                                         maps

   Mt Olympos
   Standing in isolation, situated on the borders of Thessaly and Macedonia in Northern Greece,
   it is one of the most interesting botanical localities of the Balkans.
   The combination of long geographical isolation, an unusual range of climatic conditions,situated
   close to the sea and the meeting of Mediterranean and Central European floras, has resulted in
   a unique vegetation.
   Its a major refuge for some of the most exciting ancient endemic species of Europe.
   23 unique species are found in this relatively small area and all being exclusively
   Balkan species.
   Mytikas summit(2918m) is the second highest in the Balkans. The summits of Olympos form a
   cone which has a diameter of about 20km, dissected by deep valleys. Like the wide Enipeus
   valley in the east and the narrower Papa Rema and Xerolakki ravines in the north.
   The eastern and northern slopes receive most moisture and have an often forest vegetation.
   Species of the alpine and upper montane zones, however, descend far below their normal range
   in these protected valleys. Olympos is almost exclusively limestone, folded in the summit area,
   and weathered into extensive screes in much of the alpine zone.
   The limestone is very porous, and although there is quite an amount of precipitation, the alpine
   area becomes very dry in summer.

   Mt Olympos Photo Album   Updated 26-01-2008  View in Google maps

   Mt Ossa
   Mt Ossa, also called Mt Kissavos, is situated south-east of Olympos and also close to the sea.
   On the seaward slopes dense forests of Castanea sativa, Taxus baccata, Acer pseudoplatanus
   and Aesculus hippocastanum occur. Above about 400m Beech becomes more frequent, at higher
   altitudes the Macedonian Fir mixed with Juniperus oxycedrus, Ostrya carpinifolia, Crataegus
   orientalis take over.
   Below the summit are mountain meadows, while Palamiotis summit(1976m) itself has rocky
   outcrops and some screes and magnificent views over Mt Ossa, Olympos and the Pilion

   Mt Ossa Photo Album                                            View in Google maps

  Mt Pangeo
Mt Pangeo(1956m) is situated in the north east of Greece, about 30km west of the city of
   Kavala. This mountain came as a pretty surprise to us, we had not expected such a rich flora!
   On its slopes are extensive Beech and Chestnut forests and pastures at higher altitudes.
   In the rocky parts of the mountain there are cliffs with rare endemic plants or plants with a
   restricted distribution in the Balkan peninsula.

   Mt Pangeo Photo Album  Updated 12-01-2009      View in Google maps

   Mt Peristeri
   Mt Peristeri(2295m), or Mt Lakmos, is situated south of the town of Metsovon and belongs to
   the South Pindos mountain range. The main rock in the area's substrate is limestone, in some
   places mixed with flysch.     
   Peristeri is a bare mountain, characterized by alpine and sub alpine pastures, rocky and stony
   slopes, cliffs, mountain streams and springs. The mountain shows strong erosion because of
   intense deforestation.

   Mt Peristeri Photo Album                                    View in Google maps

   Mt Pieria
   Mt Pieria(2190m) is situated north west of Mt Olympos. It has extensive forests. Because of
   bad weather, we only paid a short visit by the end of May 2005 to this mountain.

   Mt Pieria Photo Album Updated 12-01-2009          View in Google maps

   Mt Smolikas
   This is one of the largest massifs in the Pindos range. It lies to the north of the Timfi range,
   separated from it by the deep valley of the Aoos river. Another deep valley separates
   Smolikas from Mt Grammos(2523m) on the Albanian border. A mountain which we hope to
   explore in the future.
   Smolikas is of particular interest because its largely composed of serpentinite, a rock type
   rarely found in Greece, and which has a distinctive flora.
   Pinus nigra dominates the forest from about 1000m, but is replaced by Pinus heldreichii from
   1500 to 1800m.

   Mt Smolikas Photo Album                                   View in Google maps

   Mt Timfi
   The Timfi massif lies south of Mt Smolikas. From Mt Smolikas the dramatic, jagged skyline
   can be viewed. Because of the limestone, there is a karstic landscape with dry valleys and
   spectacular gorges like the Vikos gorge. Also in this area are the Papingo villages, reached
   by a spectacular road. From Mikro Papingo it is possible to walk up to the beautiful Timfi

   Mt Timfi Photo Album                                          View in Google maps


  Mt Tzena

  Mt Tzena Photo Album                               View in Google maps

   Mt Varnous
   Mt Varnous(2177m) is also situated very close to the Greek-Macedonian(FYROM)border, 
   not far from Lake Prespa. Its the home of endemic Dianthus myrtinervius ssp. myrtinervius.
   The silicious substrate and the continental climate have created exceptional conditions for
   the development of a rich and rare flora.
   An other important feature of this area is the permanent flow of the Aghios Germanos river.

   Mt Varnous Photo Album                                    View in Google maps

  Mt Vermion
   Mt Vermion is situated close to the town of Naoussa. The slopes are densely forested with
   Beech and stands of Oak. The lower parts have some serpentinite and limestone, while the
   higher parts are mostly limestone.

   Mt Vermion Photo Album  Updated 12-01-2009    View in Google maps



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